marina mart (mart999) wrote,
marina mart
mart999

Шри Гуру Чаритра... Shri Guru Charitra

Изображение Шри Нарасимхи Сарасвати в храме Даттатреи в Гангапуре, штат Карнатака

Изображение Шри Нарасимхи Сарасвати в храме Даттатреи в Гангапуре, штат Карнатака

Глава 1. Гуру Сиддамуни дает Даршан Намадараку
Шри Ганешая Намаха.
Шри Гурубьё Намаха.
Шри Сарасватье Намаха.
О, Вигнешвара, приветствую Тебя. О, Сарасвати, приветствую Тебя. Дочь Брахмы, сердечно молю Тебя, дай мне свет и ум. О, Брахма, Вишну и Махешвара - Создатель, Хранитель и Разрушитель трех миров - мои приветствия Вам.
Тримурти приняли воплощение Даттатреи в форме Гуру - приветствую Тебя, Гуру Датта. Его рассказы подобны Камадене: слушай их, и ты получишь великое знание. Место, где жил Гуру - великое и знаменитое место. Все направляются туда для паломничества. У тех, кто совершает поклонение там, удовлетворяются все желания.
Брахма, Вишну и Махешвара пришли в мир как воплощение Даттатреи. Повторно Он принял воплощение как Шрипад Шри Валлабха и жил в Курадвапуре. Через какое-то время он принял еще одно воплощение как Шри Нарасимха Сарасвати Яти. Он оставался в Нарасимха Вади, Ганагапуре и Одумбере (Биллавади в Махараштре).
Саямдева, чья фамилия была Сакаре, был великим преданным Шри Гуру. Затем пришел его сын Нагнат, сын Деврайя, сын Деврайи Гангадар, а затем его сын Сарасвати. Именно Сарасвати написал Рассказы Гуру с милости Гуру Датта. Они подобны Камадене, вечному источнику нектара.
Подобно имени Гуру имя ученика было также Сарасвати. Гуру, принявший форму мудреца, рассказывал истории в ходе разговора с Сарасвати. Еще одно имя ученика было Намадарак. Однажды Намадарак потерял все, тем не менее, он медитировал на Гуру каждый день. Он отправился в Ганагапур, чтобы получить Даршан Гуру. Он был в подавленном настроении, он не заботился о своей еде, он только постоянно думал о Гуру и его священных стопах. Он говорил сам себе: "Я должен встретить моего Гуру, иначе мне суждено сложить мое тело к его ногам".
Он также молился в своем уме: "О, Крупасагара, океан милости, ты мой отец и мать, ты все для меня. Может разве мать покинуть своего ребенка и пребывать в мире? Почему ты хранишь молчание, слыша мою смиренную молитву? Почему мы должны называть тебя Крупасагара, если ты не показываешь свое сострадание? Ты Тримурти. Ты источник даров для своих преданных. Кому мне молиться и кто может мне подать? Ты защитник всего мира. Тебя называют Всеведающим (Sarvajna). Тем не менее, ты не слушаешь меня. Может Ты хочешь получить от меня что-то, и тогда Ты дашь мне что-то в ответ? Тогда бессмысленно называть Тебя Даттара. Ты дал преданным Нараяны (Dhruva) вечное счастье. Что они дали Тебе? Ты Датара четырнадцати миров (Lokas). Тогда почему же ты хочешь что-то от меня? Если Ты даруешь мне что-то только после того, как я служу Тебе, это не будет поклонением Тебе. Бог дождя проливает дождь в водоемы и пруды, однако, никто не дает ему ничего взамен. Ты мать и отец для всего мира. Ты знаешь мои трудности. О, Гурунат, все мои предки поклонялись и служили Тебе, но у меня нет готовности служить Тебе у Твоих стоп. О, Хришикеша, какую обиду я нанес Тебе, что Ты не даешь мне даршан? Иногда, когда мать сердится на своего сына, сын идет к отцу, а если сердится отец, он идет к матери. Но Ты и отец, и мать для меня. Ты - воплощение Тримурти, Господь трех миров (Trailokya Svami), сострадающий, Высшее Существо. Прости меня за все мои грехи и открой мне Себя. Разве у Тебя нет капли доброты для меня? Почему Ты не слушаешь мои взывающие к жалости слова? Ты Всемогущ, но Ты не слышишь до сих пор мою молитву. У меня нет сил восхвалять Тебя". Он думал так о Гуру во время пути.
Тогда Гурунат, полный доброты, проявил себя в уме Намадарака. Со слезами радости Намадарак омыл стопы своего Гуру. Он поместил образ Гуруната в свое сердце, поклонялся Ему (Shodashopachara) и достиг великого счастья.

Источник
http://www.dattadarshanam.ru/gc/gc1.htm

                     Изображение Шрипады Шри Валлабхи в храме Даттатреи в Гангапуре, штат Карнатака

Изображение Шрипады Шри Валлабхи в храме Даттатреи в Гангапуре, штат Карнатака

Shri Guru Charitra

Introduction 1
Shri Guru-Charitra, a religious book giving a brief life story of "Shri Nrusimha Saraswati Swami Maharaj", was written in the 15th Century by one of his closest disciples. This book is a treasure house of religious events related to the life of Shri Nrusimha Saraswati. It is read with great reverence by the devotees of Lord Shri Dattatreya. The 'Shri Guru Charitra' is the life of 'Shri Guru Dattatreya' (an incarnation of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara). It was originally written in Ovi form (a Marathi Metre) in Marathi by Shri Saraswati Gangadhar, whose ancestor Sayamdev had personally lived and served with devotion, Guru Narasimha Saraswati, an incarnation of Shri Dattatreya about 600 years ago. It was later translated into Sanskrit by Shri Vasudevananda Saraswati (Tembye Swamy), who is regarded by many as an incarnation of Shri Dattatreya and who lived about a hundred years ago. It has been later translated into several other languages.

This volume is regarded as divine, capable of blessing one and all who read it with respect and is placed with images of Gods and adored in almost all devotees' houses of Maharashtra. It is much respected and is very popular like Vedas, Ramayan, Mahabharat, Bhagawat and other puranas in sanskritand Dnyaneshwari, Dasbodh, Eknathi Bhagwat etc. in Marathi. In the last century, it has spread its influence far and wide and legion are the experiences got by those devotees who read it regularly with respect. Shri Dattatreya had taken birth at the Ashram of Atri and Anasuya in very very old times (Krita Yuga) and it is believed that his two incarnations namely Shripada Shri Vallabha and Shri Narasimha Saraswati had taken place in the Deccan in about the 14th and 15th Century(A. D.) respectively. Shri Manikya Prabhu, Shri Akkalkot Maharaj, Shri Sai Baba of Shirdi and Shri Vasudevananda Saraswati are some of the great Saints who are considered as the Avatars (incarnations) or Amsas (taking a part of His powers) of Shri Dattatreya.

This is the historical period when the Bahamani Kingdom was split up into five different Kingships, one of which viz,'Bidar' is mentioned in this volume. 'Shri Guru Charitra' depicts the life missions of these two incarnations.
The original volume contains 52 chapters and it is written in the form of conversation between Naamdharak and his spiritual Guru Shri Siddha Muni, who was a disciple of Shri Narasimha Saraswati. Several miraculous deeds are associated with these two Gurus - 5 such deeds are relating to Shripada Shri Vallabh (chapters 5 to 10) and 26 are relating to Shri Narasimha Saraswati, (chapters 11 to 51) besides many mythological (pouranik) tales have also been narrated in this volume by way of illustration. The main aim of the book is to extol the greatness of the Spiritual preceptor (Guru) and to dispel the ignorant notion that He is just another human.

According to researches made in connection with Shri Guru Charitra, by a Gurubhakta, Shri R. K. alias Annasaheb Kamat of Durga Datta Mandir, Mashail, Goa, ' Shri Guru Charitra' contains 'Shri Guru Geeta' as its 49th chapter. It is composed of 176 Sanskrit slokas and 34 Marathi Ovis - 13 at the begining and 21 in the end. In some of the latter scripts it seems that this chapter of Shri Guru Geeta is deleted, probably it being in Sanskrit and the 41st chapter is split up into two chapters, keeping the number of chapters the same i. e. 52. The gist of Shri Guru Geeta is included in this volume. (Shri Guru Gita is a dialogue between Shri Siva and His Divine consort Shri Parvati and forms a part of Skanda Puran. It deals with the greatness of Guru and establishes that Guru is Brahma, Guru is Vishnu, Guru is Maheswara, why, it proclaims, Guru is identical with Para Brahma, Who is considered the Origin of all including the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara. Since Sri Dattatreya is also an incarnation of the three Deities, He is revered as the Adi Guru. Shri Dattatreya is an Avinash Avatar, i.e. He did not shed His body when His mission was completed like Sri Rama, Sri Krishna etc., but is continuing even today. His mission is to help all His devotees cross this Ocean of Worldly existence.)

The research scholars of Medical Sciences have a good opportunity of thinking over and analysing the means that have been used by Shri Guru for cure of acute gastric pain, leprosy, toxic irritations, revival to life, sterilty of females etc. Of course it is an admitted fact that the yogic and Divine power of Shri Guru is mainly responsible for these miracles to a great extent. Shri Sai Baba of Shirdi also performed similar 'miracles' to reinforce the faith of His devotees.

In order that the general public, males and females, should be acquainted with the contents of this great popular volume, a humble attempt was made by this author and 'Subodh Shri Guru Charitra' in Marathi prose was published in November, 1952, on Datta Jayanti (Margashirsh Poornima). The author desires to bring about an edition in Hindi, the National language of Bharat and also an English edition of this book for the interested readers spread all over the world. It is an experienced fact that the reading of such literature gives mental peace to those who are worried due to different miseries of this worldly life and also encourages and guides them to go ahead on the path of self-emancipation by making their lives sublime and full of highest bliss.
S. N. Huddar

Guru Charitra, till few years back, was only available in the Marathi and Kannada languages. In the recent years, Telugu translations of the Book have become available. It may perhaps be now available in a few other Indian languages also, but, as far as we are aware, there has been no English rendering of the Book so far. [An English Translation by Mr.R.Shenoy is now available: Publisher's Note.] The present Book in English was started by Shri Laxman Narayan Joshi some years back, so as to make this Spiritual Treasure available to wider sections of people. Unfortunately for us, Shri L.N.Joshi is now no more, having left his physical body on 30th October, 1981, to merge in and abide at the Lotus Feet of Guru Nath, which was his yearning all throughout his life. It is a matter of regret for us that his physical eyes could not see the book in print. But we feel sure that his spirit will rejoice and be happy that the efforts he had begun, have at last borne fruit and that the book has now seen the light of day.Let us make it clear that this is but a free-rendering and an abridged version of the original version of Guru Charitra. The original text was complied by Sri Saraswati Gangadhar, a fully enlightened soul and who was drunk deep in Guru Tatwa. It was compiled by him in Marathi in OVI form of poetry. The same was transcribed into Sanskrit by the great saint Sri Vasudevananda Saraswati (1854-1914), a contemporary of Sainath, i.e.,Sri Sai Baba of Shirdi. A complete rendering into English of the original text is a colossal and formidable task and is far beyond our capacity and competence. In the present book, it has been out attempt to just bring out the gist of the original text, but at the time of course ensuring as best as we can, that the spirit of the original text is not lost.

We do not know to what extent we have been able to achieve the above objective but if this book, inspite of whatever deficiencies and shortcomings it may be having, still succeeds in satisfying the reader's interest even in a small measure and enthuses and awakens in him the desire and yearning for diving deeper into the spiritual lore, for which purpose abundant spiritual literature is available, it would be highly gratifying to us indeed. It is a bold attempt made by us, and it is our firm faith and belief that it is Grace of and guidance from Guru Nath Sri Narasimha Saraswati alone, that has helped us in our venture. We make our obeisance to Sri Guru Nath and his various manifestations including Sri Manik Prabhu, Sri Swami Samarth Akkalkot Maharaj and Sri Sai Baba. It may be mentioned here, that before the printing of the Book was started, we had the unique fortune of Sri Sathya Sai Baba of Puttaparthi 'Singning His Blessings' on the manuscript. This was on 14th May 1984, at Dharmakshetra, during Baba's visit to Bombay. The manuscript was also blessed by Sri Siddharaj Manik Prabhu Maharaj, during the latter's visit to Bombay which was also in May 1984. Earlier, it was blessed by Sri Swami Amalananda of Pen (Panvel) during the latter's visit once to Chembur.

We cannot conclude this preface without acknowledging our deep debt of gratitude to Shri P.B.Paranjpe (dearly called as Nana), of Suman Nagar, Chembur, Bombay. It was he who has encouraged us all through and instilled in us confidence and helped us complete this scared book. Shri Nana is a very saintly person and is an example of extreme humility, great devotion, selfless love and al goodness. He is a highly endowed spiritual soul and many come to him for spiritual succor. It is with his endeavours that Sri Swami Samarth Vishwa Kalyana Kendra was founded in 1981 with its centre at Apta (Karnala) Panvel Taluka, Raigad District, Maharashtra, for the propagation of teachings and Philosophy of Sri Akkalkot Maharaj. We are dedicating this Book to this Vishwa Kalyana Kendra. With Pranams unto the Guru Padukas of Gangapur, and praying that they would be ever showering their grace and succour on all.

Chapter 1a - Namdharak is blessed with the Vision of Sri Guru Nath

To transcribe into finite language, in the confines of limited vocabulary, the infinite glory and effulgence of Guru Dattatreya, the unified manifestation of the Supreme Trinity - Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswara, is an impossible task for any. Even the Vedas failed and beat a retreat faltering an excuse 'Not this...., not this....., etc. But even so, if at least a small and single ray of Supreme effulgence of the Godhead can be captured, that is enough to redeem the world. And through divine grace, the impossible becomes possible to some or a little extent at least.

Saraswati Gangadhara, the blessed devotee of Dattavatara Sri Narasimha Saraswati, before setting out to write the sacred Guru Charitra (the life story of the Avatar), invokes the grace of Lord Ganesha. Without Lord Ganesha's grace, nothing can be achieved. He is Mangala Murthi, the embodiment of all the auspicious attributes and the abode of all auspiciousness. He is most easily pleased, responds instantaneously, and bestows his grace ever readily on whosoever calls out to him. He makes the impossible possible. With his grace and help the sage Vyasa could compose the incomparable and monumental Mahabharata, the ever greatest of the epics. Saraswati Gangadhara extols Lord Ganesha as follows:

'You are the remover of all obstacles.You keep your large fan-like ears always waving. The air-waves produced thereby drive away all the obstacles in the path of your devotees. In your stomach rest all the worlds, and that is why you are extolled as Lambodara. Even all the gods have to worship you alone first, before undertaking any of their divine tasks. I pray, you have to bless this venture of mine and help me through.....'

Next, Saraswati Gangadhara invokes the grace of Mother Saraswati, the bestower of all knowledge and wisdom. He prays 'Oh Mother! you are the Mother of all the Vedas. Without grace, man cannot pronounce even a syllable. You are the life-force behind the 'sound' faculty of men. You are the indweller in all the four-fold aspects of sound, viz., Para, Pasyanti, Madhyama and Vaikhari-is from the subtlest of the grossesf expressions of sound. I beseech you to bless me and help me in this venture of mine....' Saraswati Gangadhara next prays to the Trimurtis and to Sri Dattatreya. He prays 'Oh Lord! You are the Primeval Guru.... You are the one who incarnated in the Kali age as Sri Narasimha Saraswati to redeem people from their ignorance and their ills. With full faith, that you alone are going to steer me through this colossal venture, I am setting out upon this task. It is like the child trying to catch the moon by stretching out its hand, but even so, I have complete faith in you, that you will help me through'. Thus Saraswati Gangadhara starts the divine narrative - The Guru Charitra.

As a prelude, he gives a brief account of his lineage and of his immediate forbears. He belongs to the Kaundinya Gotra. He is of the fourth generation in the line reconing from Sayamdev. Sayamdev's son was Nagnath and Nagnath's son was Deorao. All of them were staunch devotees and worshippers of Guru Nath. Sayamdev and Nagnath had the blessed privilege of being the closest disciples of Guru Nath and of serving the master in his life-time. It was because of the merit earned by them, that one among their family, Saraswati Gangadhara, could become an instrument of the Lord to write about the divine Leelas of the great Dattavatara, for the benefit of humanity and the world. It should, however, be understood that the life of any great Saint or Master, and much more so of an Avatar like that of Sri Narasimha Saraswati, is like a huge ice-berg lying submerged in the frozen waters of the ocean, and showing but a tiny crest or pinnacle afloat on the waters. What will be discernible to human eyes is just the tiny portion afloat above the waters, but not the mountain-sized iceberg submerged under the waters. So also in the following account of Guru Nath's life, it is but a fraction of his glory that will be delineated. It is impossible for any to describe the Avatar's full glory. He is a mystery beyond all human comprehension. Now begins the sacred Guru Charitra narrative.

There was once a devotee by the name of Namdharak, who had a great yearning to visit the holy Gangapur for darsan of sacred Guru Padukas, the Nirguna Padukas of Dattavatar Sri Narasimha Saraswati Deva, enshrined there. He had heard much most authentic anecdotes, how Guru Nath continues to shower his grace on all seekers, even after his Mahaprasthan, and that a pilgrimage to Gangapur is sure to soothe the mind, to satiate the yearnings of the heart, to quench the thirst of the should, and to allay the hunger of the spirit, for all the devotees. With great expectations and hopes, Namdharak set out from his far off village to Gangapur. The journey was long and arduous, He was very exhausted and had lost all stamina. He was seized with despair as to whether he would survive and be able to reach the destination at all. Lo! No mother ever forsakes her child. The cow comes seeking it's calf. Namdharak had a wondrous dream. Guru Nath Sri Narasimha Saraswati Deva stood there before him, casting his benevolent looks upon him and placing his hand on his (Namdharak's) head as a token of his blessings. Namdharak's joy knew no bounds. He fell at Guru Nath's feet. HE sang out long hymns of praise to the Lord. He offered mental worship to him. He collected the dust from under the feet of the Lord and smeared it on his own forehead and all over his body. He was overwhelmed with joy.

Chapter 1 - Namdharak sees Shri Guru in Dream.
A devotee of Shri Guru by name Namdharak, greatly worried due to domestic miseries, left home and started on foot with the intense desire of seeing Shri Guru. While on his way, he was praying to Shri Guru all the time.
'Oh, Guru, all say, 'Thou art Paras' (the Philosopher's stone that turns iron into gold by mere touch). But then why should I be required to suffer so much, though I have been reciting your name all the time, and having full faith in you?'
'In this KaliYuga, you are the incarnation of Trimurti (three principal Gods - Brahma,Vishnu and Maheshwar.) Oh,Shri Narasimha Saraswathi, you are the Guide to and treasure of the kindness to the devotees.'
'As a mother does not forsake her child, in the same way please do not keep me away from yourself, as you are my mother, father, brother, sister, friend, relative - one and all.'
'You are the protector of this Universe, donor of Gods, you have all the knowledge. You made Bali, the king of Patal, you gave Bibhishan the Kingdom of Lanka (Ceylon). You made this Earth devoid of the Kshatriya race and then gave it in charity to the Brahmins. You offered ever-lasting place to Dhruva. But what did you receive in return from every one of these? If you have received nothing, then what can an innocent human-being like myself offer you, who Himself the Lord of Lakshmi (Goddess of Wealth) is?'
'When a child, on the lap of its mother, opens its mouth to drink milk, what does the mother expect from the child? It does not become you, a great Giver of boons, to first receive and then to give.'
'All the wells on the earth do not adore Varun, the God of rains, but yet Varun gives rains in abundance to one and all.'
'My forefathers have been your devotees for generations. I possess only this treasure of services of my family unto you.
Kindly give me some loan from this treasure, as I am in very peculiar circumstances. I am seeking your shelter considering and You, on your part, overlook my misdeeds and do not be angry with me.'
'If a mother is angry with the child, the child seeks father's shelter. You are my Mother and Father too. So will you not protect me, an innocent child? Are you not even inclined to listen to my miserable tale?'
Being tired of walking, he sat down under a tree and soon he was asleep. In his dream, he saw a Personality with hair-locks on head, ash markings on all the body and face full of kindness. He soon recognized him to be Shri Guru, who applied ashes to his forehead and placed his blessing hand on his head.

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